… alle Verhältnisse umzuwerfen, in denen der Mensch ein erniedrigtes, ein geknechtetes, ein verlassenes, ein verächtliches Wesen ist … (Marx)

Archive for 24. März 2008

Philip Jones Griffiths (1936-2008)

Posted by entdinglichung - 24. März 2008

Am 19. März starb Philip Jones Griffiths, britisch-walisischer Fotograf und Journalist, welcher mit Vietnam Inc. eine wichtige Rolle bei der Dokumentierung des Vietnamkrieges spielte und ausserdem das alltägliche Leben im Britannien der 1960er und 1970er Jahre fotografisch erfasste.

Einige Bilder von Philip Jones Griffiths aus dem Britannien der 1960er

Philip Jones Griffiths: 50 Years on the Frontlines

Posted in Britannien, Fotografie, Kunst, Medien, Nachrufe, Vietnam, Wales | Leave a Comment »

Zur Kritik des Emissionsrechtehandel

Posted by entdinglichung - 24. März 2008

Eine Kritik des Emissionsrechtehandels (Carbon Trading) des belgischen Marxisten Daniel Tanuro, gefunden auf der Homepage des International Viewpoint:

Carbon Trading – an Ecosocialist Critique

Daniel Tanuro

This contribution identifies 5 fundamental reasons why carbon trading is inadequate for the struggle against Climate Change. It focuses in particular on the European Emission Trading System (EU-ETS) but most of the conclusions are generally applicable.

1. Carbon trading is a source of windfall profits for polluting sectors. They invest little or none of that profit in low carbon technologies, and instead try to slow or delay the implementation of climate policy. The over-allocation of quotas in the phase 1 of the EU-ETS provided the steel sector a windfall profit of 480 million Euros at the end of 2005. In the same period, RWE, a German utility, made a huge profit of 1.8 billion Euros. Even the oil businesses made windfall profits: Esso (£10 million), BP (£17.9 million), Shell (£20.7 million).

Little or none of these windfall profits were invested, in low carbon technologies or research. The European steel industry, for instance, invests only 45 million Euros/yr in the ULCOS research program, which is financed at 50% by the Commission. The German RWE, number 3 in power production on the EU market but number 1 in GHG emissions, is building the biggest lignite power plant in the world.

Consequently, I would argue that the windfall profits generated by the quota system strengthen big carbon emitters that have a strategic interest in slowing or delaying climate change mitigation and in continuing to burn fossil fuels as long as possible.

It is unlikely that the proposed auction of the quotas in Phase 3 of the EU-ETS will put an end to these windfall profits. This is because there will be a relative abundance of quotas at the beginning of Phase 3, due to various factors: banking from the 2nd to the 3rd phase, free (over)allocation of quotas to new sectors entering the system, and abundance of carbon credits. Consequently, quotas will be relatively cheap in the first years, after which the price will rise, providing windfall profits to speculators.


Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Belgien, Internationales, Kapitalismus, Umwelt | Leave a Comment »