Entdinglichung

… alle Verhältnisse umzuwerfen, in denen der Mensch ein erniedrigtes, ein geknechtetes, ein verlassenes, ein verächtliches Wesen ist … (Marx)

Archive for 25. Juni 2009

Iran-Update 25.06. 2009

Posted by entdinglichung - 25. Juni 2009

Weitere Artikel zum Thema auf dieser Seite unter https://entdinglichung.wordpress.com/category/iran/

1.) Liveberichterstattung zum heutigen Tage auf der Webseite des Guardian und auf Revolutionary Road, weitere Seiten mit regelmässig aktualisierter Berichterstattung sind News from the struggles in Iran (HOPI), Révolution en Iran und Rise of The Iranian People

2.) Ein Bericht zu den gestrigen Protesten in Tehran von News from the struggles in Iran:

„Today saw thousands of people come back out on to the streets of Iran in opposition to the brutality of the Iranian regime. The supreme leader has said that he will not yield to street protests and has not been shy in turning the squares and streets of Tehran into rivers of blood. Fierce clashes have taken place in Baharestan Square, near parliament. The protesters defended themselves with rocks and the creation of barricades and at one pointed routed Basij scum from their positions. At this time we can be sure that at least one person has been shot dead and over 30 have been injured in the clashes at Baharestan Square.

Thousands of parents and relatives of detainees attempted to petition the authorities today outside Tehran’s Enghelaab (Revolution) Court but were attacked by security forces with a dozen joining family members in Iran’s jails and police stations.

Over 500 protestors gathered at Sadeghieh Square and were quickly attacked by Basij and Hezbollah, at Tajrish Square, Anak Square and Azadi Square thousands of protestors were driven back after being attacked by security forces. Though the security forces were met with sustained opposition and were drive back at times.

Outside of Tehran protests have continued and we expect to receive reports very soon. What the last couple of days have shown is that the people of Iran are not simply staying at home but are facing down a gauntlet of bullets and batons to challenge the regime.“

3.) Rise of the Iranian People dokumentiert ein Interview mit einem Regierungs-Schläger:

„Q: Why are you holding a club?
A: We’re brought here to beat the Monafegh [hypocrites, referencing the MKO], so they gave us this club.

Q: Who gave it to you?
A: Haji. He said beat them so they cannot get up. They are traitors.

Q: What do you think?
A: That’s none of my business. I only get my money.

Q: So you’re paid to beat. Do you enjoy it?
A: Yeah! They pay me to beat. Wouldn’t you do it too?

Q: How much do they pay?
A: 200 Thousand Tomans. (His eyes lighten up.)“

4.) Ali Schirasi weist auf die wichtige Frage einer möglichen kommenden Flucht von Menschen aus dem Iran hin:

„Was aber bekannt ist, dass viele Verletzte jetzt Schutz benötigen. In die Krankenhäuser können sie nicht gehen, da dort die bewaffneten Organe Posten errichtet haben, um die Verletzten zu inhaftieren. So bleiben nur noch wenige Zufluchtmöglichkeiten:
Die westlichen Botschaften in Teheran. Wenn eine Botschaft aber Flüchtlinge aufnimmt und ihre medizinische Behandlung ermöglicht, gibt es kein Zurück mehr. Die Regierung Ahmadineschad würde sie verhaften, sobald sie die Botschaft verlassen, und sei es nur zu dem Zweck, zu beweisen, dass die Proteste vom Ausland „gesteuert“ werden.
Jetzt ist also die Zeit gekommen, sich auf die Aufnahme von iranischen Flüchtlingen vorzubereiten und dies auch von den Regierungen in Berlin, Wien etc. einzufordern.“

5.) Zu einer anderen für die Solidaritätsbewegung wichtigen Frage äussert sich die Worker-communist Party of Iran:

„With the deepening political crisis in Iran and the growing instability of the Islamic Republic in the face of an unfolding revolution in Iran, there is substantial evidence that various authorities, ayatollahs, officials and functionaries of the Iranian regime are engaged in a massive fraudulent transfer of public funds to their private bank accounts abroad.

WPI leader, Hamid Taqvaee, wrote a letter today cautioning all banks and financial institutions. In it, he said:

‚1- All such funds are the legal property of the Iranian people and have been misappropriated or obtained fraudulently by the individuals concerned. Any co-operation, assistance and facilities provided by banks in such transactions will be regarded by WPI, the Iranian people and the future Iranian government as complicity in defrauding the Iranian people.

‚2- No such accounts must be opened for Iranian officials and their proxies. All information regarding existing accounts must be made public and open to legal scrutiny. All existing accounts must be closed and funds must be immediately frozen.

‚3- WPI reserves the right to use all means legally at its disposal to put a stop to this practice and expose all parties concerned. This is fraud and money laundering. It is illegal, immoral and indefensible.’“

6.) Studiogespräch auf FSK (23.06.) mit zwei GenossInnen von Peyvand – Solidaritätskomitee für die Freiheitsbewegungen im Iran: Zur aktuellen Situation, zu Kräftekonstellationen, zu Organisationsfragen, zur Ideologie des politischen Islamismus, zum Verlauf und Inhalt der Revolution 1979. Darüberhinaus einige Bemerkungen zur Kritik der Linken und zur Position der deutschen Außenpolitik bis weit hinein in die deutsche Linke. Als MP3 hier, zum online hören hier

7.) Aus einem Artikel von Sayeh Hassan auf Kurdmania.com:

„Tausende kurdischer Bürger des Iran leisteten Widerstand gegenüber der Brutalität dieses Regimes. Ob es sich um eine so einfache Angelegenheit handelte wie die Bewahrung der kurdischen Sprache und Kultur, das Organisieren friedlicher Versammlungen mit dem Ziel Menschenrechtsangelegenheiten im Iran zur Sprache zu bringen: kurdische Frauen und Männer, Kinder und GreisInnen erdulden tapfer Folter und Kerker als Ergebnis ihrer Unterstützung für Demokratie, einer Freiheit, die ihnen ohne jeden Zweifel zusteht und wofür sie von der Regierung geschützt und ermutigt werden sollten, anstatt dass diese Freiheit verletzt, ihnen schließlich gar genommen wird und man sie dafür brutal unterdrückt.“

8.) Aus dem Communiqué No 7 der Communist Party of Iran (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist):

„Now, in the dark of night, the herd of Basijis are continuing their crimes. In Amirabad, at least two people have been killed. So far there is news of 19 deaths. With the politics of suppression adopted by the regime, tonight’s deaths are definitely much more. In turn, there has also been cases of punishing and delivering justice to the criminals and some cases of disarming the forces of the regime. On Saturday the 20th of June at the night time, from East to West, North to South of Teheran, there was state of siege. The patrols were searching cars as late as 11 pm and wherever they found a young person to be suspicious, they would violently put them out, and took them to unknown places of custody. That night many eyes stayed open. Many thought of tomorrow, about the road ahead, about methods that need to be taken up in order to advance the uprising of the masses in order to lead it to victory. During the day in short moments that were found for discussion, there was talk of need for widespread and general strike, some said nothing can be done without weapons. One thing is clear. It is going to be a long fight. People should prepare themselves for days and months ahead, to remain in the field in different forms. The slogans of the uprising should become clearer and deeper, and the level of struggle be raised in such a way that is capable of seizing victory.“

9.) Aus einer zuweilen bizarren Stellungnahme von Slavoj Žižek:

„There are a couple of crucial consequences to be drawn from this insight. First, Ahmadinejad is not the hero of the Islamist poor, but a genuine corrupted Islamo-Fascist populist, a kind of Iranian Berlusconi whose mixture of clownish posturing and ruthless power politics is causing unease even among the majority of ayatollahs. His demagogic distributing of crumbs to the poor should not deceive us: behind him are not only organs of police repression and a very Westernized PR apparatus, but also a strong new rich class, the result of the regime’s corruption (Iran’s Revolutionary Guard is not a working class militia, but a mega-corporation, the strongest center of wealth in the country).

Second, one should draw a clear difference between the two main candidates opposed to Ahmadinejad, Mehdi Karroubi and Mousavi. Karroubi effectively is a reformist, basically proposing the Iranian version of identity politics, promising favors to all particular groups. Mousavi is something entirely different: his name stands for the genuine resuscitation of the popular dream which sustained the Khomeini revolution. Even if this dream was a utopia, one should recognize in it the genuine utopia of the revolution itself. What this means is that the 1979 Khomeini revolution cannot be reduced to a hard line Islamist takeover – it was much more. Now is the time to remember the incredible effervescence of the first year after the revolution, with the breath-taking explosion of political and social creativity, organizational experiments and debates among students and ordinary people. The very fact that this explosion had to be stifled demonstrates that the Khomeini revolution was an authentic political event, a momentary opening that unleashed unheard-of forces of social transformation, a moment in which “everything seemed possible.” What followed was a gradual closing through the take-over of political control by the Islam establishment. To put it in Freudian terms, today’s protest movement is the “return of the repressed” of the Khomeini revolution.

And, last but not least, what this means is that there is a genuine liberating potential in Islam – to find a “good” Islam, one doesn’t have to go back to the 10th century, we have it right here, in front of our eyes.“

10.) Zwei Solidaritätsadressen: Open letter of support to the demonstrators in Iran (u.a. Etienne Balibar, Noam Chomsky, Etienne Balibar, Judith Buttler und Slavoj Žižek) und von Anti-Schah-DemonstrantInnen von 1967:

„Am 2. Juni 1967 demonstrierten vor der Deutschen Oper Berlin Tausende gegen den Besuch des Schah in der Bundesrepublik und Westberlin. Sie solidarisierten sich mit dem Kampf des iranischen Volkes für Freiheit und Demokratie. Die gleiche Solidarität ist heute von uns gefordert, wenn im Iran Hunderttausende trotz massiver Unterdrückung auf die Strasse gehen, um sich für Demokratie und Menschenrechte einzusetzen. Wir bitten die Teilnehmer der Demonstration vom 2.Juni 1967, sich dieser Initiative für einen Solidaritätsaufruf anzuschließen.“

11.) Zum morgigen weltweiten Aktionstag in Solidarität mit den iranischen ArbeiterInnen gibt es u.a. auch Unterstützungsbekundungen von Gewerkschaften aus dem Irak und aus Ägypten

Posted in Antifa, Gewerkschaft, Internationales, Iran, Klassenkampf, Kommunismus, Kurdistan, Maoismus, Menschenrechte - Freiheitsrechte, Migration, Religion, Repression, Sozialismus, Wahlen | 1 Comment »

Corriente Marxista Revolucionaria (CMR, Venezuela) zu den Protesten im Iran: Solidarity with the movement of the Iranian masses!

Posted by entdinglichung - 25. Juni 2009

Quelle: In Defence of Marxism, die spanischsprachige Originalfassung hier, bei der CMR handelt es sich um die Schwesterorganisation der Iranian Revolutionary Marxists‘ Tendency:

Solidarity with the movement of the Iranian masses – Statement of the Revolutionary Marxist Current (Venezuela)

In response to recent statements by Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, the Venezuelan Revolutionary Marxist Current has issued this statement. They express their support for the movement of the masses in Iran and explain the differences between the revolutionary movement in Venezuela and the counter-revolutionary regime in Iran.

The Bolivarian Revolution and Iran

In Iran we have a situation in which the opposition denounces electoral fraud, in which this allegation gets support from the imperialist powers and in which there are street demonstrations against the election results. It is understandable that many revolutionaries in Venezuela will draw parallels between what is happening in Iran and situations we have lived through during the Bolivarian revolution. In Venezuela, more than once, the reactionary and oligarchic counter-revolution, with the support of imperialism, has attempted to create a situation of chaos in the streets with the excuse of an alleged “electoral fraud” in order to de-legitimise the election victories of the revolution (during the recall referendum, in the 2006 presidential elections, during the constitutional reform referendum in 2007, etc).

However these parallels do not correspond to reality.

The Islamic Republic – a revolutionary regime?

First of all, the Iranian regime of the Islamic Republic is not a revolutionary regime. The Iranian revolution which was victorious in 1979, was a genuine mass revolution, with the active participation of the working class, the youth, the peasantry, the soldiers, the women, etc. The decisive factor which brought down the hated Shah was the general strike of the oil workers. Millions of workers organised shoras (factory councils) in their factories and took over control and administration of these, in a similar way to what oil workers did in Venezuela during the bosses lock out and sabotage of the economy in December 2002. Millions of peasants occupied the land of the big landowners (as they are doing now in Venezuela). The students occupied their schools and universities and proceeded to democratise them putting an end to the elitism that had dominated them. The soldiers also set up their shoras (councils) and proceeded to purge the army from reactionary officers. The oppressed nationalities (Kurds, Arabs, Azeri, etc) conquered their freedom. The Iranian people as a whole threw away the yoke of imperialism.

However, the current Iranian regime of the Islamic Republic was consolidated, in the period between 1979 and 1983, precisely on the basis of the smashing of this revolution on the part of the fundamentalist Islamic clerics. Over a period of several years all the conquests of the 1979 revolution were destroyed. Land was given back to landowners, expelling the peasants which had taken it. The factory councils were destroyed and replaced by Islamic shoras, leaving the workers with no right to organise or to strike. A particular interpretation of Islam was imposed on the population as a whole, bringing the most ruthless denial of women’s rights and creating an atmosphere of ideological oppression for the majority of the population.

The kidnapping and smashing of the workers’ and peoples’ revolution of 1979 on the part of fundamentalist Islamic clergy was only possible because of the wrong policies of all left wing organisations who thought that they could form a united front with the Muslim clerics led by Ayatollah Khomeini. They paid dearly for their mistakes. Over a period of four years, with increasingly brutal attacks against the left, the power of the Islamic Republic was consolidated over what had been a working class and anti-imperialist revolution. In order to be able to achieve this, the Muslim clerics dressed themselves in anti-imperialist robes, organising the incident of the US embassy and skilfully exploiting the war with Iraq. By 1983, all left wing parties had been banned (despite their support for a united front with Khomeini), and some 30,000 militants of different groups of the reformist, nationalist and revolutionary left had been killed. These are the origins of the present day Islamic Republic of Iran. Not a revolutionary regime, but rather a regime born by smashing a revolution.

Was there electoral fraud?

Some argue that on June 13, 2009 there was no electoral fraud, but there are numerous examples of this. To start with, any candidate standing for election has to be approved by the Guardian Council, an undemocratic 12-person body.

Regarding fraud itself, let’s just give a proven example. Conservative candidate Hoshem Rezaei, who has not called for nor participated in the protests last week, alleged that in 80 to 170 cities, voter turnout had been more than the electoral census. That is, more people had voted than were registered to vote! In all of these cities, Ahmadinejad had won with a large majority, in some cases by 80 or 90%. On June 21, after a week of demonstrations with the participation of millions of people and the death of at least 12 in clashes on Saturday June 20, the Guardian Council was forced to comment on these allegations. On behalf of the Guardian Council, Abbas-Ali Kadkhodaei spoke on the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) Channel 2, and said that “statistics provided by the candidates, who claim more than 100% of those eligible have cast their ballot in 80-170 cities are not accurate – the incident has happened in only 50 cities”!! He then went on to explain that a turnout of over 100% was a “normal phenomena because there is no legal limitation for people to vote for the presidential elections in another city or province to which people often travel or commute”. Finally he added that since this “only affected 3 million people” it would not have altered the final results.

Ahmadinejad – a revolutionary?

As the clerics did in 1979, Ahmadinejad has used anti-imperialist and pro-poor rhetoric, in an attempt to win support from the masses. But let’s have a look at what the real conditions of the Iranian people are under his presidency. First of all, in Venezuela, the Bolivarian revolution has unleashed a wave of trade union organisation and militant struggle on part of the workers. President Chávez has called on the workers to occupy abandoned factories and to run them under workers’ control. In Iran the workers have no right to organise or to strike and if they break these laws they face the most brutal repression. In the case of the Tehran bus drivers, when 3,000 of them attempted to organise a union, the company replied with mass sackings, and the police attacked the trade union leaders, including the general secretary Ossalou, whose tounge the police thugs attempted to cut off.

Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Antifa, Gewerkschaft, Iran, Klassenkampf, Kommunismus, Menschenrechte - Freiheitsrechte, Repression, Sozialismus, Trotzkismus, Venezuela | Leave a Comment »

Otto Bauer im Originalton

Posted by entdinglichung - 25. Juni 2009

Aus einer Rede von Otto Bauer vom Anfang der 1930er Jahre:

Posted in Antifa, Österreich, Gewerkschaft, Kapitalismus, Klassenkampf, Linke Geschichte, Marxismus, Sozialismus, Sozialistika - Linke Archivalien | 1 Comment »