Entdinglichung

… alle Verhältnisse umzuwerfen, in denen der Mensch ein erniedrigtes, ein geknechtetes, ein verlassenes, ein verächtliches Wesen ist … (Marx)

Archive for 18. September 2009

Zur Beteiligung von Libyen an der Enteignung von KleinbäuerInnen in Mali

Posted by entdinglichung - 18. September 2009

Die „Sozialistische“ Libysch-Arabische Volks-Dschamahirija genoss (zu Unrecht) in Teilen der Linken bis vor einigen Monaten oder Jahren einen relativ guten Ruf; dies scheint sich nicht nur auf Grund der Amtshilfe für die Festung Europa zu ändern, nachfolgend dokumentiert ein Bericht von Via Campesina (Français, Castellano) zu „Landkäufen“ libyscher Unternehmen in Mali, welche zur Vertreibung von KleinbäuerInnen führen werden:

Libyan land grab of Mali’s rice-producing land

Land grabbing of small farmers’ land by large national and foreign companies is becoming an increasingly concerning issue in Mali. After investing in various sectors of the economy in Mali and in Africa, these national or multinational corporations are looking for new avenues of opportunity, namely land. For example, MALIBYA, a Libyan company, has been allocated 100,000 hectares of land in the Office du Niger region, the country’s main rice-growing region and precisely in West Macina, in the Ségou region, the fourth region of Mali. It has been awarded this land by the Malian government as part of its promotion of private investment in rice production.

According to the convention signed by both countries, this strategic project’s main objectives are to guarantee the countries’ food self-sufficiency, to develop agricultural industry and to develop livestock farming.

According to MALIBYA’s managing director, Abdalilah Youssef, ‘the first stage of the project (financed by MALIBYA) includes firstly constructing a 40km-long water supply canal stretching from the Kolongotomo region to the project site in the Boky-Wèrè region. The minimum capacity of the canal is 130m3. This allows us to supply more than 11 million m3 a day and more than 4 billion m3 a year. The other element is the road, also 40km long. The contract cost is estimated at FCFA 25 billion. It will be carried out over the space of 12 months.’ The Chinese company CGC has been commissioned by MALIBYA to carry out the work on the canal and the road alongside it.

‘It will be the biggest canal in Mali and one of the biggest in Africa. We have begun to implement the project, which will be carried out in stages, the first of which covers 25,000 hectares of agricultural land and for which we started work more than a year ago. The project will be multifunctional and will encompass farming (in particular rice production with around 200,000 tonnes produced a year), livestock farming and industry. Therefore, in addition to crops, we will also see animal production (with predicted production at 25,000 tonnes of meat a year) and processing factories for agricultural produce (such as for tomato purée and laboratories),’ the managing director of MALIBYA explained to the private newspaper L’Aube in its 10 November 2008 edition.

Indeed, the Macina Cercle is a farming region and in terms of area the largest rice-producing region in the Office du Niger. It is not just an animal farming region par excellence but also a transit and departure region for transhumant livestock.

Therefore, whilst Mali’s government declares its commitment to guaranteeing food self-sufficiency for the country, it continues to sign a worrying number of agreements with foreign investors. This allows the latter to control the country’s most important agricultural land.

It should be remembered that some years ago, on the fringes of a Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) summit in Bamako, the president of Mali, Amadou Toumani Touré, offered 100,000 hectares in the Office du Niger region to CEN-SAD. There is every reason to believe that CEN-SAD is run by Libya!

Libya, with increased dependence upon multinationals for the supply of agricultural produce, imported 177,000 tonnes of rice valued at $62 million in 2005 according to figures from the FAO. We can see that Libya, following the example of other Arab countries, is trying to overcome this food dependence by implementing projects such as the one in Mali.

Whatever the final destination of the rice may be, its production won’t help farmers in Mali that much because it will mean that certain local farmers will see their land seized and it will have to compete directly with other producers for water supply from the Niger River, the most important irrigation resource in the region. The company has even entered into negotiation with the government in order to get priority for water allocation out of season, when water levels are low. According to the information at our disposal, MALIBYA intends to farm the 100,000 hectares of land itself, hiring locals as farm workers.

In addition, there is concern about the way in which this project will destroy the great diversity of local rice seed and instead favour a small number of enhanced seed varieties and modern agricultural techniques, as is outlined in the convention.

‘We have signed a contract with a Chinese company for hybrid rice production. Today, Mali’s rice yield is 2 tonnes per hectare. By introducing this new variety of hybrid rice, yield will be improved and will increase from 2 tonnes to 8 or 9 tonnes per hectare. It is mainly the powerful countries who produce this hybrid rice and have the monopoly. It does not yet exist here. It will be a first in Mali, in Africa even,’ underlined MALIBYA’s managing director.

According to specialists, this variety of rice has limited taste, which is an important consideration for small producers who sell to local markets.

Furthermore, farmers are unable to preserve and reproduce the seeds of this variety and must repurchase each year.

In addition, local farmer’s organizations fear that the Libyan company will introduce genetically-modified (GM) rice to Mali through this project.

The Coordination Nationale des Organisations Paysannes (CNOP), an umbrella organisation representing farmers politically and defending their interests, was quick to take on the case after farmer’s organisations at the heart of the matter called on it to do so. It dispatched a mission with representatives of the Support Programme for Territorial Collectivities in order to give an account of the extent of development work on the land and repercussions for the local population.

Observations

Visits and interviews with different actors, inter alia, the Prefecture, Office du Niger authorities, councils, the affected population (carried out from 7 to 10 July 2009) provided the following observations:

* The lack of an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment, even though work has been going on since October 2008
* The lack of clarity in information provided to the different actors concerning the project’s execution
* The building of a monitoring office building along the ‘Boky-wèrè’ animal trail
* The total obstruction of 7km of the ‘Kolongo’ animal trail by the road and a canal under construction without adequate alternatives being provided for animals
* The Office du Niger in Kolongo, which refused to sign the lease having not been included in the signing of the convention, has done a U-turn and is currently defending the project
* The collectivities receive no tax for the extraction from quarries of products used to build the road
* The company is extracting from quarries without permission from the collectivity or other local authorities. Certain areas where quarrying is taking place are either cemeteries or plots of land that have already been divided up by the Kolongo council to extend the town
* Dust clouds are caused by lorries on frequent supply trips and worsened by the lack of watering, despite many attempts at intervention by the collectivities concerned with government involvement
* The destruction of cemeteries for development work on the canal and the road
* The demolition of houses, villages, orchards and market gardens due to road construction and quarry activity (only 58 families are to be compensated out of the 150 families recorded as affected). Expropriation of houses and villages in the region without compensation at present

Biofuel development

If that wasn’t enough, this visit also allowed us to ascertain that another 100,000 hectare area in the municipality of Monipébougou, also in the Macina Cercle, belonged to the TOMOTA group. This private player in Mali’s economy grows jatropha on the land for use as a biofuel.

The farmers in the municipality, who have no wealth other than their land, have also been expelled to serve private interests. According to deputy mayor Mamadou Coulibaly, ‘this land was granted without the involvement of those actors affected at the heart of the problem and no convention was signed between the group and the town. What’s more, ploughing work has reached the road, which is a large national road, without taking into account the markers placed in order to identify animal trails. This puts into question the results collected by collectivities in their research into solutions to bloody or even mortal conflicts between livestock breeders and farmers. We wrote to the Prefect, the Governor, to the Ministry of the Environment and even to the TOMOTA group so that everybody’s rights are respected, including the famers expelled from their land and the council which wants to see the animal trails respected in order to avoid conflicts,’ Mr Coulibaly explains on the group’s site.

These same farmers, having not been compensated, have to work for the TOMOTA group for an average of FCFA 500-700 a day to provide for their families.

The evicted

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Posted in Afrika, BäuerInnenbewegung, Europa, Kapitalismus, Kolonialismus, Libyen, Mali, Migration, Rassismus, Umwelt | 2 Comments »

Neues aus den Archiven der radikalen (und nicht so radikalen) Linken

Posted by entdinglichung - 18. September 2009

ältere Archiv-Updates und Hinweise zu weiteren linken Archivalien unter „Sozialistika“, liebe rote Grüsse an Poumista für die Hilfe bei der Suche

Theorie als Praxis:

* Revolutionäre Sozialisten (RS): Oktober Nr. 25, September 1988 (Kritik der Gruppe Revolutionäre Sozialisten an der Autonomie Nr. 14)
* Ich sag‘, wie es ist! (1988)
* Spät, aber nicht zu spät? Überlegungen zum Interview-Buch zum Autonomie-Kongreß. Junge, leninistische Maus antwortet alterndem, autonomen Elephanten (1995, pdf-Datei)

Archive.org

* Socialist Party of America: 1905 Average Paid Membership by States
* Ticket of the Socialist Party of Texas (1906)
* Socialist Party of America: Campaign book (1908)
* Morris Hillquit/Victor L. Berger/J. Mahlon Barnes: Report of the Socialist Party of the United States to the International Congress at Copenhagen (1910)
* Armenian Revolutionary Federation: Report in Socialist International Congress (1910)
* Hungarian Socialist Federation: Report of the Hungarian Socialist Federation to the National Committee of the Socialist Party of America (1913)
* Joseph Medill Patterson: The notebook of a neutral (1916).
* The congress of the labour and socialist international (1920)
* Socialist Labor Party (SLP): National Convention. Reports, Resolutions, Platform, etc (1921)
* Socialist Party of America: Norman Thomas Socialist Party 1928 election platform
* Socialist Party of America: Proceedings of the 1962 National Convention of the Socialist Party [of America] (1962)
* Socialist Party-Social Democratic Federation: Socialist platform 1960.

Fire on the Mountain:

* Students for a Democratic Society (SDS): SDS at Woodstock! (1969)

Critique Sociale:

* Beauvoir, Marcuse… sur les valeurs dominantes sexistes (1949/1974/…)
* Victor Serge: Une réponse de Victor Serge à Trotsky (1939)

La Bataille Socialiste:

* Rosa Luxemburg: L’ adaptation du capitalisme par le crédit (1989)
* Marceau Pivert: Letter to Trotsky (1939)
* Karl Marx: Le rôle du crédit dans la production capitaliste (1867)
* Gabriel Deville: The Materialistic Conception of History (1983)
* Pierre Souyri: Révolutions russes et totalitarisme (1976)
* Rudolf Hilferding: Cartels et crises (1910)

Projekt Gutenberg:

* Carl von Ossietzky: Schriften (Band 6) (1931–1933)
* Heinrich Heine: Über Ludwig Börne (1840)
* Heinrich Heine: Lutetia II: Die parlamentarische Periode des Bürgerkönigtums (1831-1844)
* Heinrich Heine: Vermischte Schriften
* Heinrich Heine: Rezensionen
* Heinrich Heine: Aphorismen: Gedanken und Einfälle

Marxists Internet Archive (MIA):

* Rob Lubbersen: De Vierde Internationale besluit tot een politiek van intrede in massa-organisaties (1983)
* Rob Lubbersen: De Revolutionair Communistische Partij besluit tot een politiek van intrede in PvdA en NVV (1983)
* Leo Trotzki: Correspondence on the Custody of His Grandson (1938)
* Isaac Deutscher: Blev revolutionen förrådd? (1957)
* Ted Grant: Tory crisis: Labour’s opportunity (1961)
* Ted Grant: Prices and incomes—No wage restrictions—For a socialist plan (1966)
* Wladimir Iljitsch Lenin: Социјализам и анархизам (1905)
* Wladimir Iljitsch Lenin: Discurso no I Congresso de Toda a Rússia dos Conselhos da Economia Nacional (1918)
* Paul Lafargue: Proprietatea – origine şi evoluţie. Capitolul III – Colectivismul consangvin (1890)

Materialien zur Analyse von Opposition (MAO):

* Dietmar Kesten: Zur Geschichte der KPD/ML (Zentralkomitee). Teil 8: Das Jahr 1971 (zweites Halbjahr)
* Roter Morgen (Juni 1970 bis Dezember 1972)

Big Flame 1970-1984

* Mike Jones: Extract from a Thesis – Big Flame 1971 to 1981 (1985, pdf-Datei)
* OPINIONS ABOUT BIG FLAME no 4: MIKE JONES

LibCom:

* Mark E. Meaney: Capital as Organic Unity: The Role of Hegel’s Science of Logic in Marx’s Grundrisse (2003)
* Enrique Dussel: Towards an unknown Marx: a commentary on the manuscripts of 1861-63 (2001)

La Presse Anarchiste:

* La Revue Anarchiste n°2, Februar 1922

The Cedar Lounge Revolution:

* Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP): Election Manifesto (1979)

Centro de Documentación de los Movimientos Armados (CeDeMA):

* Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN): Parte de guerra Nº 2 (1978)
* Movimiento Revolucionario 14 de Junio (1J4): Discurso de Manuel Tavárez Justo en el Parque Colón de la Ciudad Capital (1961)
* Acción Revolucionaria Peronista (ARP): Reportaje a John William Cooke desde La Habana (1961)

Europe Solidaire Sans Frontières (ESSF):

* Echo d’Iran n° 3, février 2007
* Echo d’Iran n° 4, juillet 2007
* Union syndicale Solidaires: Contraception, avortement, santé : des droits à préserver, des moyens à renforcer (2006)
* Union syndicale Solidaires: Prostitution : une violence à l’encontre des femmes (2006)

Workers‘ Liberty:

* „Open The Windows“: AWL and Labour Briefing (1995)
* Socialist Organiser: The fight against pit closures in 1992 and the argument about „General Strike Now!“ (1992)

Rustbelt Radical:

* Ernest Mandel and Daniel Singer Speak (1991)
* Paul Lafargue: (1900)

The Irish Election Literature Blog:

* Socialist Workers Party- Their 1st Election 1997
* Socialist Party -Joe Higgins Euro 99
* Sinn Féin: Christy Burke 1983 Dublin Central By-Election
* SWP: PEOPLE AND PLANET BEFORE PROFIT? (2002)
* Democratic Socialist Party (DSP): Diverse Wahlkampfmaterialien (1982/1984)
* The Worker’s Party: Discussion Document pre DL Split (1992)
* Sinn Féin: Recruitment leaflet (~ 1985)

Posted in 1968, Anarchismus, Argentinien, Armenien, BRD, Britannien, Dominikanische Republik, Feminismus & Frauenbewegung, Frankreich, Gegenkultur, Gewerkschaft, Internationales, Iran, Irland, Kapitalismus, Klassenkampf, Kommunismus, Linke Geschichte, Literatur, Lyrik, Maoismus, Marxismus, Musik, Nationalismus, Nicaragua, Niederlande, Nordirland, Patriarchat, Philosophie, Russland, Sowjetunion, Sozialismus, Sozialistika - Linke Archivalien, Stalinismus, StudentInnenbewegung, Trotzkismus, USA, Wahlen | Leave a Comment »

Zum 65. Jahrestag der Ermordung von Franz Jacob und Bernhard Bästlein

Posted by entdinglichung - 18. September 2009

Heute vor 65 Jahren am 18. September 1944 wurden im Zuchthaus Brandenburg die beiden antifaschistischen Widerstandskämpfer und KPD-Politiker Franz Jacob und Bernhard Bästlein ermordet. Jacob und Bästlein hatten nach ihrer Entlassung aus dem KZ 1940 mit weiteren GenossInnen eine Widerstandsorganisation in Hamburg und Umgebung aufgebaut, deren Schwerpunkt in der Sabotage der deutschen Kriegsproduktion und in der Unterstützung von Verfolgten, ZwangsarbeiterInnen und Kriegsgefangenen.

jacob

Grabstätte von Franz Jacob im Ehrenhain für antifaschistische WiderstandskämpferInnen auf dem Friedhof Hamburg-Ohlsdorf

baestlein

Grabstätte von Bernhard Bästlein im Ehrenhain für antifaschistische WiderstandskämpferInnen auf dem Friedhof Hamburg-Ohlsdorf

„Meine illegale Arbeit während des letzten Jahres wurde vorwiegend von zwei Faktoren bestimmt die meiner Bereitschaft, gegen die bestehenden Gesetze zu handeln, den entscheidenden Anstoss gaben. Der erste Faktor war meine siebenjährige Haft von 1933 bis 1940 – davon vier Jahre in Konzentrationslagern – während der ich entsetzliche Dinge erlebt, gesehen und gehört habe. Diese Zeit hat mir jede Möglichkeit des Zweifels im Bezug auf meine weltanschauliche Grundeinstellung genommen, denn meine Überzeugung, dass eine Gesellschaftsordnung, in der solche Dinge möglich sind, wie ich sie erlebt habe, beseitigt werden muss, wurde dadurch grundfest gemacht, soweit das bisher noch nicht der Fall war.

Der zweite Faktor war der seit 1939 begonnene Zweite Weltkrieg, der in mir alle Erinnerungen an den Krieg von 1914-1918 weckte, den ich zwei Jahre als Frontsoldat vor Ypern, an der Somme, vor Verdun und an anderen Abschnitten der Westfront mitmachte. Er verstärkte in mir die Überzeugung, dass solange die kapitalistische Gesellschaftsordnung besteht, es immer wieder zu solchen, alle humanitären Regungen der menschlichen Gesellschaft und ungeheure materielle Güter zerstörenden Kriege kommen wird. Ich dachte an jene Millionen Menschen, die wie damals ihr Leben auf den Schlachtfeldern verlieren würden.“

(Bernhard Bästlein, November 1942)

Posted in Antifa, Antimilitarismus, Gedenken, Hamburg, Kommunismus, Linke Geschichte, Sozialismus | Leave a Comment »