Entdinglichung

… alle Verhältnisse umzuwerfen, in denen der Mensch ein erniedrigtes, ein geknechtetes, ein verlassenes, ein verächtliches Wesen ist … (Marx)

Archive for 23. September 2009

Leseempfehlung: Behemoth. A Journal on Civilisation. Vol. 2, No. 2 – Die Steppe

Posted by entdinglichung - 23. September 2009

Die aktuelle Ausgabe des Behemoth mit folgenden Artikeln:

* Kathrin Franke: Editorial, (Article, PDF)

* Christian Lübke: Ostmitteleuropa und die Steppe. Annotationen zu einer ungewöhnlichen Beziehungsgeschichte (Abstract), (Article, PDF)

* Matthias Hardt: Attila – Atli – Etzel. Über den Wandel der Erinnerung an einen Hunnenkönig im europäischen Mittelalter (Abstract), (Article, PDF)

* Alfrun Kliems / Mathias Mesenhöller: Ein Kampf um Ordnung. Europa, die Steppe, die Leinwand und das Nichts (Abstract), (Article, PDF)

* Marina Dmitrieva: Skythen, Amazonen und Futuristen. Der Steppendiskurs der 1910-1920er Jahre und seine heutigen Implikationen (Abstract), (Article, PDF)

* Olaf Günther: Acker oder Weide? Die Zivilisation der Steppe und die Administration der Nomaden (Abstract), (Article, PDF)

* Sylvia Hipp: Sehnsuchtsort, Risikolebensraum, Nomaden-Highway. Die Steppe als Ort der Erkenntnis (Abstract), (Article, PDF)

* Reviews: (Reviews, PDF)

Aus dem Vorwort von Kathrin Franke:

„Inzwischen hat die Metapher des Meeres in Form der „Migrantenflut“ das Bild vorrückender Horden aus der Steppe abgelöst und zum aktualisierten Albtraum weiterentwickelt. Begegnungen mit den „Anderen“ werden als Bedrohung stilisiert, die in Form von Phantasmen (z.B. „Aussterben der Deutschen“) und diversen Verteidigungsmaßnahmen (z.B. „Festung Europa“) nicht nur medial in das Kollektivbewusstsein eingeschrieben werden, sondern durchaus handfeste Folgen haben (z.B. Bootsflüchtlinge). Aus den wilden, vom Osten hereinbrechenden Reiternomaden sind zu regulierende und kontrollierende Migrantenströme geworden, die nunmehr aus allen Himmelsrichtungen kommen. Bei der Abwehr unserer heutigen „Fremden“ haben Schengenabkommen und Passkontrollen die einstigen „Grenzwächter“ und „Hilfsvölker“ in Ostmitteleuropa (u.a. Kosaken) abgelöst.“

Posted in Asien, Europa, Internationales, Migration, Rassismus, Wissenschaft, Zeitschriftenschau | Leave a Comment »

Ein Statement marxistisch-humanistischer Gruppen zur Unterstützung der Bewegung im Iran

Posted by entdinglichung - 23. September 2009

Quelle: Webseite der US Marxists-Humanists:

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Support the Iranian People’s Movement against the Repressive Regime!

The following statement by the US Marxist-Humanists, London Corresponding Committee and international Marxist-Humanists from Canada, India, and West Africa is a contribution for the events in solidarity with the democracy movement in Iran in September and the fall.

The protests over the blatant theft of the June presidential elections have touched off the biggest crisis for the Islamic Republic of Iran in over two decades. Since June, millions of people have taken to the streets to decry the blatantly fraudulent re-election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, especially youth, women, workers, and intellectuals. Chanting „Death to the Dictator,“ they continue to do so in the face of beatings, arrests, imprisonment, show trials, torture, and rape.

On June 15, up to 3 million protestors filled Tehran’s Azadi Square. Since then, very large gatherings have been harder due to the beatings and murder of demonstrators. This became evident after the mass confrontations of June 20, which pitted protestors, many of them from the working classes, and Basijimilitia brought in from the countryside in large numbers.

Nonetheless, very large public demonstrations have been taking place at regular intervals. Hundreds of thousands turned out on July 17 during Friday Prayers at Tehran University, taking advantage of the fact that the sermon on that day was being given by the influential Hashemi Rafsanjani, who has become increasingly critical of the regime and its repression. Another extremely large gathering took place at Behesht-e Zahra Cemetery on July 30, as demonstrators carried out the Shia ritual of mourning the dead after 40 days. Most notable here was the student Neda Agha-Soltan, murdered by a Basiji on June 20. Although the regime has tried to avoid large opposition rallies through the cancellation of big public events, on September 18, a day of support rallies for Palestine, huge numbers of pro-democracy demonstrators took over the streets in parts of Tehran.

The Islamist oligarchy that has run Iran since 1979 is itself divided as never before. On the one side stand the most reactionary fundamentalists like Ahmadinejad, as well as the more powerful Supreme Religious Leader Ali Khamenei, hardcore elements of the repressive apparatus (Revolutionary Guardsand Basiji), and the judiciary. On the other side are ranged several important Islamic Reformist figures, especially presidential candidate Mir Hussein Moussavi, the feminist academic Zahra Rahnavard, the immensely popular former president Muhammad Khatami (1997-2005), and presidential candidate Mehdi Karroubi, as well as pragmatic conservative Hashemi Rafsanjani, and a number of other prominent clerics, most notably Grand Ayatollah Hussein Montazeri. These divisions have only deepened since June, with the elite opposition showing no signs of backing down.

Not only does this constitute a gaping contradiction at the top of the regime, but it has also, in dialectical fashion, created in turn an equally contradictory situation for the mass democratic opposition movement. On the one hand, this split at the top has strengthened the hand of the mass movement, giving it a certain protection and a greater chance to manifest itself publicly. On the other hand, the Islamic Reformist leadership of the movement has also served to restrict its development.

Take the example of Karroubi, in some ways the most intransigent and courageous of the Islamic Reformist leaders, a man who has publicly exposed torture and rape within the prisons. Yet Karroubi has also made it clear that he wishes to reform those structures, not overthrow them. Thus, even as his office was raided and closed in September, Karroubi expressed not only his opposition to a revolution, but also to a general strike. As result of their history, their social position, and their mindset, people like Karroubi are incapable of breaking with the regime that produced them.

While the Reformist leadership may want to preserve the Islamic Republic in some form, the logic of events may be moving in a different direction, toward a fully revolutionary upheaval. A lot will depend on whether the working classes – whose legitimate struggles to form independent trade unions have met with severe repression, and who are also experiencing starvation wages, nonpayment of wages, and unemployment — come out in greater numbers and in an organized fashion.

Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Iran, Kapitalismus, Kommunismus, Marxismus, Menschenrechte - Freiheitsrechte, Patriarchat, Repression, Sozialismus | 1 Comment »