Entdinglichung

… alle Verhältnisse umzuwerfen, in denen der Mensch ein erniedrigtes, ein geknechtetes, ein verlassenes, ein verächtliches Wesen ist … (Marx)

Archive for 13. Oktober 2009

Zum 100. Jahrestag der Ermordung von Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia

Posted by entdinglichung - 13. Oktober 2009

Heute vor 100 Jahren, am 13. Oktober 1909 wurde der anarchistische Reformpädagoge und politische Aktivist Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia (Francisco Ferrer Guardia) im Montjuïc-Knast in Barcelona nach einer Justizfarce und trotz internationaler Proteste hingerichtet, ihm war vorgeworfen worden, für die Zusammenstösse zwischen AnarchistInnen und katalanischen RepublikanerInnen mit der spanischen Polizei und Armee im Juli/August des Jahres – die Setmana Tràgica, welche ~ 150 Todesopfer gefordert hatte – als Rädelsführer verantwortlich gewesen zu sein. Treibende Kraft bei der Ermordung Ferrers war die katholische Kirche, der die antiautoritäre Pädagogik (Escuela Moderna) mit dem Ziel der „ … Entwicklung lebendiger Gehirne, die fähig sind, auf äußere Eindrücke zu reagieren, die immer Feinde aller Vorurteile sein werden; Erwecken von freien, festbegründeten Geistern, die über alle Dinge und Erscheinungen des Lebens sich ihre eigene Meinung bilden können …“ und die in den Jahren zwischen 1901 und 1909 dadurch inspirierten laizistischen Schulen ein Dorn im Auge war.

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Posted in Anarchismus, Atheismus, Bildung, Gedenken, Katalonien, Kirche, Klassenkampf, Repression, Spanischer Staat | 1 Comment »

Interview mit einem Gewerkschafter aus Honduras zur Lage nach dem Putsch

Posted by entdinglichung - 13. Oktober 2009

Quelle: Webseite des Internationalen Gewerkschaftsbundes (IGB):

Twelve trade unionists have been killed since the coup“

Brussels, 12 October 2009 ITUC OnLine): Workers are the main casualties of the coup d’état that overthrew the Honduran president, Manual Zelaya, on 28 June. Trade unions continue to mobilise to demand a return to democracy, although many of their members have been killed, imprisoned and tortured. The de facto government controls the press. Erasto Reyes, a lawyer working for the trade union movement and one of the leaders of the National Resistance Front against the Coup (1), denounces the abuses committed since the overthrow. He calls for international trade union solidarity.

Q: Thousands of Hondurans took to the streets to peacefully protest against the coup, but met with brutal repression at the hands of the authorities. What is the toll so far?

A: The repression of coup opponents has claimed over 20 lives in total. Another 500 have been injured and 3000 have been arrested. Twelve of those killed were trade unionists. Some were killed in their homes, others during demonstrations held in protest against the coup. Women and young people are particularly involved in the peaceful resistance against the coup.

There have been numerous cases of physical and psychological torture. A photo reporter from the El Libertador newspaper, Delmer Membreño, was abducted and tortured. A teacher active in the trade union was raped by four policemen. I could quote many other cases like these, such as that of Augustina Flores López, a member of the Civic Council of Indigenous Peoples’ Organisations in Honduras (2), who was severely beaten by the police, in public even, in front of the media. Images of the beating were recorded and presented to a judge, but he refused to take them on board. She is still in prison, on charges of „sedition and terrorism“. Dozens of Hondurans have been arrested on these grounds, including elderly people.

Q: To the great rage of employers, President Zelaya had increased the minimum wage from 126 to 202 euros at the end of 2008. Is this increase one of the reasons behind the coup?

A: President Zelaya had adopted a whole range of measures in favour of the workers. Quite astonishingly, given that he is from the Liberal party, he also turned towards the left in the area of international relations, joining the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas – ALBA (3). He had also invited the unions to a dialogue on a whole range of issues, including subcontracting. Legislation was proposed aimed at regulating the use of subcontracted workers, to curb the precarisation of labour. The current authorities want to go in the opposite direction, by promoting temporary contracts, for example, that can be renewed for three years. If their plans are approved, there will not be a single trade union left in Honduras at the end of the day, as it is extremely difficult to organise temporary workers.

Q: Is there any reason to believe that anti-union forces have taken advantage of the repression of coup opponents to have trade unionists assassinated?

A: It is possible, because most employers support the coup.

Q: It has to be said, however, that being a trade unionist was already a dangerous activity when President Zelaya was in power, as seen with the killings and shootings of several trade unionists in 2008…

A: It’s true, and trade union membership rates were already very low: barely 3% of the workforce in the maquilas (4) and 8% of the total active population, which amounts to 3.5 million workers. There were a number of disturbing incidents. In 2008, for instance, trade unionists from the National Autonomous University of Honduras intercepted so-called police officers who had infiltrated the campus. They were carrying a list with the names of trade unions to be targeted along with the names of numerous trade union leaders, including that of the general secretary of the Honduran workers’ confederation, CTH, Rosa Altagracia Fuentes, who was assassinated in April 2008 (5). In spite of the trade union rights violations prior to the coup, the unions are nonetheless demanding the restitution of the former president, as the situation has seriously deteriorated since 28 June.

Q: Have Honduran trade unions been able to operate since then?

A: All trade unions have seen a fall in activity for fear of being attacked during any meetings held. All trade union leaders are receiving threats. A bomb exploded in the toilets at the head office of the beverage industry union STIBYS (6); no one was hurt because the incident took place just after the departure of the members who had gathered for the funeral of a trade union leader who had been assassinated.

Some trade unions brave the danger, such as STIBYS, which even held its congress in August of this year. It also has to be said that many trade unionists have less time for their union activities as they are also involved in the National Resistance Front against the Coup.

Q: Do you not fear for your own life, having denounced the abuses committed since the coup?

Yes, of course. Anyone who speaks out is taking a serious risk, but we cannot remain silent in the face of what is happening in our country. That is why we are asking the ITUC and all its affiliated organisations to support us, to do everything they can to draw attention to the abuses committed in Honduras, so that they are stopped.

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Posted in Gewerkschaft, Honduras, Klassenkampf, Menschenrechte - Freiheitsrechte, Repression, Streik | Leave a Comment »