… alle Verhältnisse umzuwerfen, in denen der Mensch ein erniedrigtes, ein geknechtetes, ein verlassenes, ein verächtliches Wesen ist … (Marx)

Archive for 7. April 2010

Stadtteilgruppe Langenhorn der Bürgerinitiative Umweltschutz Unterelbe (BUU): Einen erneuten Angriff auf das KKW Brokdorf vorbereiten! (1977)

Posted by entdinglichung - 7. April 2010

Einen erneuten Angriff auf das KKW Brokdorf vorbereiten! (pdf-Datei, 291 kb), ein Flugblatt der Stadtteilgruppe Langenhorn der Bürgerinitiative Umweltschutz Unterelbe (BUU) vom September 1977, weitere Anti-AKW-Flugbltter von damals aus Langenhorn hier und hier:

Posted in Antiatom, BRD, Hamburg, Langenhorn, Linke Geschichte, Sozialistika - Linke Archivalien, Umwelt | 1 Comment »

Zwei Texte zu den Massakern in Jos/Nigeria am 6./7. März 2010

Posted by entdinglichung - 7. April 2010

* Ola Kazeem: Nigeria: Jos Killings – A temporary episode or a symptom of a “failing state”? (In Defence of Marxism), hieraus nachfolgend ein Auszug:

* Segun Sango: JOS CARNAGE: Frequent Ethno-religious Killings Will Only End When a Truly Working Peoples‘
Government Comes To Power o Reconstruct Nigeria’s Warped Polity and Unjust Economy
(Democratic Socialist Movement)

„Jos grew rapidly after the British discovered vast tin deposits in the vicinity. Both tin and columbite were extensively mined in the area up until the 1960s. By 1943, tin mining on the Jos Plateau was at its peak. There were 80,000 African, mainly immigrants, working in the mines. Up to 1960, Jos was the sixth largest producer of tin in the world. This was transported by railway to both Port Harcourt and Lagos on the coast, then exported from those ports. Jos is in fact still often referred to as „Tin City“. Tin mining has led to the influx of migrants, mostly Hausas, Igbos, Yorubas, and also some Europeans, who constitute more than half of the population of Jos. This „melting pot“ of race, ethnicity and religion makes Jos one of the most cosmopolitan cities in Nigeria. That is why Plateau State is became known in Nigeria as the „home of peace and tourism“.

The wealth made from tin extraction was never re-invested locally. A few Nigerians became rich as a result of this business; the biggest share of this easy money went to the Royal Niger Company which monopolized this industry. [The Royal Niger Company was a mercantile company chartered by the British government in the nineteenth century, which was used as the basis for colonising Nigeria in a similar manner to how the British East India Company was used in India]. The income was siphoned off to western nations, mainly Britain. The local bourgeois were also lavishly spending the proceeds without any concern for future community development.

By the 1970s, the industry was already slowing down. The Nigerian economy was starting to be dominated by oil towards the mid-1970s and other export goods like coal, tin, palm oil, etc., were almost completely neglected. This decline continued until what used to be a prosperous Jos became just an administrative centre of Plateau State. Many jobs were destroyed and civil service jobs became the most secured and most sought-after jobs in Jos. Many who could not get government jobs in the ministries went to remote villages to start farming.

Thus, enlightened Jos indigenes became rural dwellers. Consequently, tension started mounting among the various ethnic groups who previously had peacefully lived side by side. The different ethnic groups started competing for the limited available vacancies in the ministries. As could be expected, the indigenes went down memory lane only to discover that the Yorubas came from Ogbomosho and that Igbos are Easterners. As tension ceaselessly mounted in the towns, a lot more tension was brewing in the villages over the question of land. This impending catastrophe was immediately channelled to the political advantage of the ruling elites of Jos. They played one tribe off against the other to maintain their political influence. Religious leaders equally exploit the situation to their own advantages.

This mounting tension reached its peak in September 2001 when over 1000 people were killed, this was the last straw that broke the camel’s back. Just like magic, effect became cause and cause became effect. What was primary transformed into the secondary and secondary became primary. Instead of arresting the religious leaders who had fomented the conflict, they were appeased to help “solve” the problem; and the ruling local elites were approached to help manage their thugs and this further strengthened their political hold.“

Posted in Kapitalismus, Kolonialismus, Nationalismus, Nigeria, Rassismus, Religion | Leave a Comment »