… alle Verhältnisse umzuwerfen, in denen der Mensch ein erniedrigtes, ein geknechtetes, ein verlassenes, ein verächtliches Wesen ist … (Marx)

Archive for 8. Februar 2011

Gewalt auf dem Weltsozialforum

Posted by entdinglichung - 8. Februar 2011

Wie auch schon bei den Weltfestspielen der Jugend und Studenten im Dezember haben auch beim derzeitigen Weltsozialforum in Dakar wieder Pseudolinke aus Marokko TeilnehmerInnen aus der Westsahara physisch angegriffen (Quelle Sahara Press Service, geringfügige grammatikalische Korrektur):

Moroccan aggression against saharawi delegation participating in WSF in Dakar

Dakar (Senegal) Feb7,2011(SPS) At least one members of the Saharawi delegation participating in the 11th World Social Forum (WSF) taking place in Dakar was injured , after a violent aggression by members of Moroccan delegation on Sunday after the end of opening ceremony of the Forum, according to president of the Saharawi delegation.

“At the end of the opening march of the Social Forum the members of the Moroccan delegation which consist of 300 persons armed with sticks attacked the Saharawi participating delegation,” said the President of the Saharawi Delegation, also Secretary General of the Union of Saharawi Workers, Mohamed Chikh Lehbib.

“The Saharawi delegation including women was surrounded in a square devoted to SADR where Moroccans attacked us and stole Sahrawi flags and injured one of the delegation,” he said adding that Security forces immediately intervened.
For his part president of the organizing committee of WSF, Boubacar Diop Booba, indicated that while he heard what happened his committee confirmed to the Saharawi delegation that all procedures to protect them has been taken with contribution of security services, adding that this event will not be happen again.(SPS)

Posted in Marokko, Menschenrechte - Freiheitsrechte, Nationalismus, Repression, Senegal, Westsahara | 1 Comment »

Für die BürgerInnen?

Posted by entdinglichung - 8. Februar 2011

Wahlprogramme von PDS und DIE LINKE waren immer schon gute Fundstellen für Stilblüten, gerne erinnert mensch sich noch an das Recycling des Barschel-Slogans „Wir in Schleswig-Holstein“ durch Gysis bunte Truppe im Jahr 2000, da wollen natürlich die hanseatischen SozialdemokratInnen nicht zurückstehen:

„Nun ist der Senat vorzeitig zerbrochen. Jetzt besteht die Chance, dass die Hansestadt wieder ihre Aufgaben für die Bürgerinnen und Bürger wahrnimmt.“

Meinen die nun, dass die Stadt sich in der letzten Zeit nicht um die Bourgeoisie gekümmert hat, oder wird auf eine gute alte Zeit Bezug genommen, wo ein SPD-Senat sich angeblich noch für die Belange der/aller StaatsbürgerInnen (und was ist mit dem Rest der EinwohnerInnen?) eingesetzt hat. Und wozu ist ein(e) bürgerliche(r) Stadt(staat) vor dem Hintergrund einer kapitalistischen Klassengesellschaft überhaupt da? Bestimmt nicht zur Herstellung allgemeiner Zufriedenheit. Sollte mensch da nicht eher von einer sozialistischen Partei ein Handeln entlang der Luxemburg’schen Maxime immer das laut zu sagen, was ist erwarten? Nun ja, vielleicht von einer sozialistischen Partei für die der Sozialismus (und der Kommunismus!) nicht nur in Seminaren der Parteistiftung oder in Sonntagsreden (und dann auch nur schamhaft) erwähnt wird. Und wann hat „die Stadt“ ausser vielleicht für eine kurze Periode während der Revolution 1918/19 Aufgaben, mit denen sich SozialistInnen (nicht jedoch SozialdemokratInnen) identifizieren können, wahr genommen? In diesem Sinne, Nehmen wir uns die Stadt!

But what is today left of the left?

Posted in BRD, Fundstücke, Hamburg, Kommunismus, Schleswig-Holstein, Sozialismus, Wahlen | 1 Comment »

Yacov Ben Efrat zur Situation in Ägypten

Posted by entdinglichung - 8. Februar 2011

Quelle des nachfolgend dokumentierten Artikels ist Challenge, in diesem Zusammenhang sei auch die vom gleichen Spektrum organisierte Soli-Demo heute in Tel Aviv erwähnt:

The distance between democracy and social justice

The Egyptian revolution

by Yacov Ben Efrat

This article was written on February 1, a day after President Hosni Mubarak’s second speech in which he said he had no intention of running in the next elections (September 2011). A short time after the speech, US President Barack Obama said unequivocally that Mubarak must go immediately. Since the Egyptian army also expressed at least partial support for the protestors in Tahrir Square, it seems Mubarak’s days are numbered. But it’s still not clear what the next regime will be like. This is the great unknown hanging over the Egyptian revolution.

Many of those who followed events in Egypt have been saying for a decade that Mubarak’s regime is on the verge of collapse. The regime’s total isolation and its deafness to the people’s suffering heralded the events we witness now. The fact that thousands of people from all walks of life have suddenly and spontaneously lost their fear shows not only that their situation had reached a nadir, but that they realized the regime was no longer functioning – and had to go. Mubarak’s attempts to pass the regime on to his son Gamal and the spurious parliamentary elections which eliminated all opposition were the last straw.

The person chosen to “cook the election books” was Ahmed Ezz, the ruling party organization secretary. Together with Gamal Mubarak, he symbolized the character of the current regime. This Ahmed Ezz is an Egyptian oligarch who controls the state steel factory in Alexandria and who, overnight, became one of Egypt’s most wealthy people – just like other associates of the president’s son. From the point of view of ordinary Egyptians, Mubarak’s attempts to groom his son as successor was a sign that Mubarak’s passing would not bring change. Indeed, it would only make matters worse for most of Egypt’s citizens: the rich would get richer while the poor continued to confront hunger and uncertainty. The only way of maintaining the status quo was through violent and merciless oppression of all the regime’s opponents.

The underlying cause of the bitterness that led to the revolt is the shift to a neo-liberal economy and the acceptance of the program dictated by international financial institutions in the 90s. The changes imposed by the program were based on privatization of the public sector which was sold off to a small number of families connected to the regime. The ruling party, the army and the internal security forces defended the arrangement to enable Egyptian and international capitalists to do as they pleased with Egypt’s resources. In this aspect, Egypt is similar to Putin’s Russia or the Argentina of Carlos Menem in the 90s: corruption became the road to riches and the drive to make money was unfettered. Like Argentina, Egypt too was praised by international financial institutions as growth statistics were offered as proof of the system’s success. However, when only the top hundredth of a percent benefit from growth, it cannot solve problems of poverty from which most of the nation suffers. For growth to trickle down to the masses, a more equitable division of profits is required.

El-Mahalla el-Kubra: The spark of ignition

The beginning of the revolt – which became a popular uprising – can be seen in the extensive strike of textile workers in the industrial city of el-Mahalla el-Kubra in 2008. The strike, which involved textile factories employing some 30,000 people, rapidly became a city-wide revolt. The unions’ demands were combined with the expression of clear political opposition to the regime. Posters of the “rais” (the ruler) which had hitherto retained their aura of reverence were torn to shreds. But the strike by poverty-struck workers for better wages was brutally suppressed by the security police. Even Mubarak’s official union did all it could to break the strikers.

The strike made such enormous waves that a group of young Egyptians decided to set up a Facebook group calling on all workers to stay at home on April 6, 2008, in solidarity with the striking workers at el-Mahalla el-Kubra. Mubarak was compelled to promise a rise in the minimum wage. Inspired by those courageous workers, the April 6 Youth Movement was founded, providing a continuation of the unions’ struggle which soon took on a clear political character. It must be noted that opposition parties, from Tagammu on the left to the Muslim Brotherhood on the right, failed to support the strikers and remained outside the democratic movement which led the struggle for three years – up until the current uprising.

One thing must be clearly noted: the Egyptian workers were the vanguard of the struggle against the regime. Their demands for bread and small wage increases expressed the hopes of all. These struggles were free of any nationalist or religious incitement, and were centered around union demands on one hand and growing calls for regime change on the other. The el-Mahalla el-Kubra struggle did not remain isolated. Train drivers also began striking, followed by workers in other cities in the textile and steel industries. Some of the protests were against the privatization of other factories.

Another sign of the increasing power of the Egyptian workers’ movement was the customs workers’ success in forming a union independent from the official union controlled by the regime. All these struggles gave the workers experience and strengthened their belief that results could be achieved. On the other hand, they also severely undermined faith in the regime, which was compelled to back down time after time in the face of public support for the workers and their demands. However, all attempts to coordinate between workers’ organizations failed because of the violent suppression and unceasing persecution of the strikers’ leaders. What the workers failed to do was achieved via social networks by the same anonymous young Egyptians who took the workers’ struggle a step further and brought millions of people onto the streets with a common demand: to bring down with the regime.

Who’ll reap the benefits?

The April 6 Movement reflects the post-modern attitude which has gripped young people throughout the world: the desire to avoid politics. This of course is also its main weakness. Because politics is considered corrupt, many young people try to avoid getting their hands dirty. They make do with protest, but protest is not a political program. Managing a state, changing a regime and creating a new constitution are political acts of the first order. They demand democracy, yet democracy is not abstract freedom but the freedom to decide what form society will take – will it be religious or secular? Capitalist in neo-liberal form or welfare state? What status will women have? What status will be granted to workers, or to capitalists? There is no way of expressing democratic will except through elections, and elections can only be held via political parties which present their political platforms to the people. Their loathing of politics prevents the people, in particular the young protestors, from influencing the character of the regime.

Because the main forces leading the uprising are not represented by any party, the main fruits of the uprising will be enjoyed by the political forces currently active, to the resentment of those same young people who have lost faith in existing parties. At present, a relentless political struggle is being waged between three main blocs: the army, represented by Mubarak’s successor and head of the General Intelligence Services Omar Suleiman; the secular opposition parties led by former chief of the International Atomic Energy Agency and Nobel Prize recipient Mohamed El Baradei; and the Muslim Brotherhood, which has significant power and has played a cat-and-mouse game with the regime for many years. It must be noted that the US is deeply involved and simultaneously supports two of the three main players. Suleiman may be an option for the US if the army succeeds in suppressing the uprising, while ElBaradei may be an option if he wins popular support. The US will also consider talking to the Muslim Brotherhood to gain its support for a broad-based, stable government.

As things appear at present, it seems Mubarak is trying to transfer power to the army as smoothly as possible, as demanded by Obama. But Obama, while talking loftily about young Egyptians and his support for democracy, considers it vital that Mubarak makes a rapid exit so that the army can constitute an anchor for the new regime. On the other hand, El Baradei and his supporters seek a civil government along western lines, and want the army to go back to the barracks after its heavy involvement in politics during the last 60 years. The Muslim Brotherhood for its part will try to maintain its influence on society and even increase its religious autonomy and strengthen Sharia law, without making any immediate claims on the regime. Of course, if the army continues to control Egypt, the uprising will have been abortive. This is clear to the masses who thronged to Tahrir Square today and refuse any negotiations with Suleiman. Obama will not oppose the army’s attempts to persuade the people to go peacefully back to their homes, but if such persuasion fails, there will be no option but to form a temporary government and prepare for democratic elections.

Which economic regime will take over?

What economic regime will take over after the revolution? This is the major question which has not been addressed at all so far. What will happen to all those wealthy elites which are the basis of Mubarak’s regime and whom that regime serves? It’s clear that all political forces currently competing to reap the rewards of the uprising support the economic system in place today. After all, in their opinion, socialism has been proved a failure and the welfare state has collapsed. The struggle, then, is over the political regime while all efforts are made to avoid undermining the economic structure. Egyptian democracy will continue to nurture private capital and support privatization while the nation will be left with a choice between Islamic capitalism like Iran or secular capitalism like the west, or most likely Turkey.

Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Ägypten, Gewerkschaft, Israel, Kapitalismus, Klassenkampf, Kommunismus, Nahost, Palästina, Revolution, Sozialismus, Streik | Leave a Comment »