Erklärung der Kommunistischen Partei Iran zum 1. Mai 2011
Posted by entdinglichung - 25. April 2011
Communiqué by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Iran on the occasion of May First, International Workers Day (2011)
For the Iranian working class, just like for the world’s working class, the First of May is a symbol of class awareness of the working and living conditions of the workers and awareness of the means of struggle and emancipation from the oppressions and exploitations of the capitalist system. Workers around the world on this day herald the fall of the system by halting work, by rallying on the streets and showing international solidarity among their lines and by conducting a worldwide struggle. This year the Iranian workers movement is marking the First of May under new political conditions both regionally and internationally. Internationally and in the advanced capitalist countries, the attacks by the states following the financial crisis on the living standards of the working people and the poor layers of the society and cutting down the social benefits as a way of tackling the economic crisis, have resulted in social crises and consequently massive waves of strikes and mass struggles by the working class and the low-income layers of the society.
On the regional scale, the ongoing revolutionary uprisings in the North Africa and the Middle-East have also contributed to the escalation of the current political situation in Iran. These uprisings, essentially anti-capitalist, have toppled down decades-long ruling dictators and shook the imperialist order of the region. The developments and mass struggles by the working class in the advanced industrial countries due to the escalating economic crises and the failure of the bourgeois-neoliberal ideologies have been inspiring factors for the start of these revolutionary developments in the region.
Within Iran, the impotence of the government of the Revolutionary Guards and the ruling clique in alleviating the effects of the economic and political crises, the ineffectiveness of the crackdown on the protesting masses and the isolation of the regime by the international community have all intensified the tensions within the ruling clique to face them with a new phase of state crisis. At the same time, the worsening economic situations, spreading unemployment and poverty and rise in prices have built a real atmosphere for the spread of labor and mass struggles. The relative rise in the number of labor protests in the last months, the start of the new wave of mass protests which climaxed in the street demonstrations of February 14th, and collectively avoiding the payment of water, electricity and gas bills by people are clear signs of an atmosphere of dissatisfaction in the society. This situation and its subsequent developments put the Iranian working class in front of a historical responsibility and give an unprecedented significance to this year’s May First events and actions in Iran.
The first wave of mass uprisings in 2009, which lasted for about six months, could not progress because of the absence of the working class and the lack of a revolutionary leadership. The second wave of the struggles started with the same weaknesses as in the previous one. The general prerequisite of class struggle, the current political developments in Iran as well as the experiences from the revolutionary struggles in the countries of the region require from the Iranian working class to rely on their own social force in their participation in any political or social development.
Though the Iranian working class is not yet organized in the form of mass and class organizations or in the form of a political communist party and thus not yet prepared to take up its historical role, but it is not a totally unorganized mass. Besides the existing workers’ circles, clandestine committees in the factories and sports and art groups, there are also few independent labor unions that are initiatives from leaders and activists in the workers’ movements. These unions bring together a wide network of radical and socialist leaders and activists, who have gained invaluable experiences through labor struggles, and who, because of their relentless support for workers’ demands and benefits, are trusted features among the Iranian workers.
At the moment and in the absence of class and mass organizations, the public interests of the working class, the vital needs of the Iranian people’s freedom movements and the current political developments in the Iranian society face this wide network of labor leaders and activists with crucial responsibilities. The widespread and increasing layoffs, job insecurity, spread of flexible contracts, wages that are three times lower than the poverty line, delayed salary payments, lack of proper housing and subsidy removal have taken all feelings of comfort and a dignified living from the working class. In fact, the capitalist regime has ruined all the bridges behind the Iranian working class, and the only way out for the working class is to hang there, fight, advance and make their class enemy retreat.
Iran’s working class will not be able to effectively fight the capitalist regime through unorganized and sporadic protests or strikes; rather it is through coordinated and simultaneous nationwide labor strikes that the working class can drive back the capitalist class and their regime, and impose its urgent demands on the capitalists. Organizing nationwide labor strikes should become the top priorities of the labor leaders and activists, because these strikes can effectively ensure the benefits of the working class and stop the capitalists’ attacks on the life of the working people.
Organizing nationwide labor strikes on the other hand is one of the prerequisites for the advancement of the Iranian people’s movement. Experience shows that political demonstrations can provide effective social mechanisms for giving the masses political consciousness and a way of overcoming people’s indifference towards their political situation; however, demonstrations cannot result in the overthrow of a regime without active involvement from the working class on both social and political fields and without worker’s unity at the production centers. While the regime confronts people with guns and tanks and uses all means of oppression and killings on the streets against people, halting work and production at the factories and other manufacturing centers can put a brake on the state’s killing machine. Countrywide labor strikes can change the power balance in favor of mass struggles and can set more grounds for the progress of people. Labor strikes and the presence of the working class on the political field of struggle is not only a means to overcome the tactical limits of the street confrontations; rather it should be looked at as a strategic and socialist basis for ensuring revolutionary leadership by the working class for the Iranian people’s freedom movement.
Considering the current absence of class and mass organizations, the ability to organize nationwide labor strikes depends on the will and the degree of influence and credibility of these socialist and labor activists and among people. The constant fight and efforts for forming mass and labor unions can bear fruit through coordinated and connected struggles and widely organized labor strikes. The experiences of the revolutionary developments in Egypt show that the country’s network of labor activists have had a crucial role in organizing labor strikes, protest gatherings and the progress of the revolution.
The factor that enables successful coordination and holding May First events is to convince the working masses to take part in these events. The party and socialist activists in the workers’ movement should not forget that they are coordinating a class event. First of May is a class event. The Communist Party of Iran does not advocate “organizational and party events” that are isolated from the working class movement; rather it advocates conscious actions that stem from the real demands of the working masses and allow their direct involvement. Hence, the communist leaders and activists must try to convince the independent labor unions and institutions to cooperate and appear united for the First of May, despite any political and theoretical differences. The workers’ class interests in face of the capitalists, their states and all the bourgeois forces in Iran necessitate this type of unity and cooperation. This does not mean that the labor activists should exclude the Iranian people’s freedom movement and other progressive social movements, on the contrary, it means that all the efforts should be directed at ensuring social presence of the working class and its activists among the Iranian people’s freedom movement.
The Iranian youth and freedom-seeking people!
You have suffered all kinds of atrocities, deprivations and unleashed oppression by the Islamic regime. You have all the rights to take every opportunity to state your dissatisfaction and protest against this regime. May First, International Workers’ Day is a proper chance for you to take to the streets along with all the women and men around the country and raise your just demands in solidarity with the Iranian working class and in protest to the current situation in Iran. Every year for the First of May, Iran’s labor movement in its resolution by the May First Committee raises not only the central demands of the Iranian working class but also affirms the most urgent demands of other Iranian social and freedom movements.
Iranian workers on this day raise different demands such as salary rates proportional to the real inflation rate and appropriate for a decent human life, unemployment benefits for all work ready people, abolishment of child labor, freedom of speech, freedom of self-organization and assembly, freedom to establish political parties, release of all political prisoners, abolishment of death penalty, end to gender discrimination and ensuring gender equality on all fields of political, social and economic fields.
While the Islamic regime has condemned people to a miserable life with long working hours, layoffs in millions and existing political and social oppressions and deprivations, emphasis on the above mentioned demands by the Iranian working class means that they uncompromisingly fight for the right of the working masses and the majority of the Iranian people to a decent and comfortable life, seek an end to the intolerable situation in the society and want to lead the struggles for fundamental liberties in the society. Pursuing these demands and forcing the regime to materialize them means that the working class is practically determined to do its historical role and lead the Iranian people’s freedom movement. Iran’s working class has the ability and capacity to drive the society’s revolutionary developments by relying on its own power and by leading the oppressed and deprived layers of the society.
The emphasis of May First resolution by the Iranian workers’ May First Committee on political liberties, release of all political prisoners and emphasis on everyone’s right to enjoy a free and human life indicates the workers’ indignation and protest against oppression, deprivations and terror by the Islamic regime. Iran’s working class needs to focus its united force on realizing these demands during this year’s May First events.
The Communist Party of Iran congratulates the workers around the world on the occasion of the First of May, International Workers’ Day, which is a day for worldwide class solidarity and marks this day through rallies and indoor celebrations.
Long Live the First of May, International Workers’ Day!
Down With the Islamic Regime in Iran!
Long Live Freedom, Equality and Workers’ Government!
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Iran, April 2011