Archive for the ‘Revolution’ Category
Posted by entdinglichung - 29. Mai 2013
Posted by entdinglichung - 7. März 2013
nachfolgend dokumentiert ein Beitrag von Morad Shirin von der Webseite Marxist Revival, verwiesen sei hier auch noch auf den Artikel Contradictory legacy of Hugo Chávez auf World War 4 Report … ansonsten hier noch einmal der Hinweis auf Berichte zur Ermordung des venezolanischen Indigena-Aktivisten Sabino Romero vor einigen Tagen:
Did Chavez leave a „socialist“ legacy?
There are few, if any, presidents whose death, especially after ruling for well over a decade, can cause such an outpouring of genuine grief among many thousands of citizens. Soon after it was announced that Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías had died thousands of people came into the streets weeping for the president they had lost.
Lieutenant Colonel Chávez, who was first elected President of Venezuela in February 1999 (after failing as a putschist in 1992), made a real difference in lifting the material conditions of the lives of millions of poor Venezuelans through his multi-facetted reform programme – the so-called „Bolivarian Revolution“.
Using the vast oil wealth of Venezuela to create many missions – unlike most other oil-rich countries where this revenue is nearly all appropriated by a very small minority – over the past 14 years the poverty and the illiteracy rates were drastically reduced and the health and living standards of the workers, the poor and ordinary Venezuelans were raised.
That is why the masses voted him in at three further presidential elections and came on to the streets on many occasions, particularly at the time of the 2002 coup that briefly removed Chávez, to support him and his policies.
When Chávez was elected in 1999 14.5% of the total labour force were unemployed and per capita GDP stood at $4,105. By 2009 unemployment had nearly halved (7.6%) and the per capita GDP had more than doubled to $11,404! And this took place within the context of a significant growth in the population from 23,867,000 in 1999 to 28,583,000 in 2009. Poverty also decreased: from 23.4% in 1999, the recorded rate of people in extreme poverty fell to 8.5% in 2011.
The policy of launching missions to tackle various social problems has made a significant impact on society. For example, infant mortality is now lower than in 1999, falling from a rate of 20 per 1,000 live births to a rate of 13 per 1,000 live births in 2011. This is as a direct result of the work of Mission Barrio Adentro (healthcare), Mission Mercal (food distribution) and Mission Habitat (housing).
Mission Robinson has enabled around 1.5 million adults to rid themselves of illiteracy. Some commentators have even described Venezuela as „illiteracy free“ now.
There are many other missions trying to address a wide range of problems in society. These have been financed through the oil export boom, earning Venezuela $60bn in 2011 (in 1999 oil revenues stood at $14.4bn).
But even the Chávistas cannot ignore the big problems facing today’s Venezuela:
– Inflation that stands at 31.6% (compared with 23.6% in 1999).
– The massive rise in violent crime, which reached over 16,000 murders in 2012. One NGO puts the number at nearly 21,700 (meaning a national homicide rate of 73 per 100,000, more than double the 31 per 100,000 in Colombia, which has two guerrilla wars taking place on its territory!).
Above all, the economic prospects of Venezuela do not look good when compared to other Latin American countries. This is primarily because capitalists (domestic and foreign) do not think it a ’stable‘ place for investing their capital! Net inflows of foreign direct investment stood at 2.9% of GDP in 1999, nearly double the 1.7% in 2011. Stock market capitalisation of companies listed on the Caracas Stock Exchange has shrunk from a 7.6% of GDP in 1999 to 1.6%. In addition, according to most industry estimates, Venezuela’s oil production has fallen from about 3.2 million barrels a day to around 2.5 million.
The 32% devaluation of the Bolivar in February will, of course, affect many economic indicators to the detriment of workers and the poor. Already in 2011 the per capita GDP had declined to $10,801 as Venezuela remained in recession for two years when much of Latin America recovered more quickly. Unemployment also rose to 8.6% in 2010.
This mixed bag of results is after many years of high, or even record, oil prices. The „Bolivarian Revolution“ will be in serious trouble if the price of oil dips too much.
„21st century socialism“
Although there have been many important advances in Venezuela, it is important for revolutionary Marxists to not get carried away and to be able to produce a concrete class analysis of the Venezuelan situation based on the lessons we have gained over 160 years of struggles.
In reality the „Bolivarian Revolution“ and the „21st century socialism“ that Chávez talked about were never anything more than a reform programme. Of course, revolutionary Marxists have nothing against reforms that improve conditions for workers and the masses. What we do oppose, however, is reformism. We oppose the concept of reforming and improving conditions under capitalism in the hope that somehow we will one day reach a tipping point where we arrive at socialism. This reformist approach equates socialism with nationalisation, and, consequently, the more industries a country nationalises, the more „socialist“ it becomes!
There now seems to be an entrenched belief among a wide section of the left, even perhaps the majority of the ‚Trotskyist‘, that there is some kind of an unbroken continuum from moderate left-wing politics to radical left-wing positions and continuing right the way through to the Bolshevik-Leninist tradition. This ‚received wisdom‘, however, is a total fallacy!
There is a definite dividing line (i.e., no continuum) between those who want to achieve all the demands in their programme after smashing the bourgeois state and those who think that „socialism“ is something you can achieve incrementally – starting today in bourgeois society itself. Those ‚Marxists‘ who think that „socialism“ is something that can be posed in society by a caudillo – no matter how well-meaning – and that certain reforms and the nationalisation of some industries mean that we can talk about socialism in a society, are clearly abandoning the basic lessons that our movement learnt at the time of the Paris Commune: i.e., to smash the bourgeois state.
Posted by entdinglichung - 24. November 2012
Besetztes Büro der Muslimbrüder-Partei Freedom and Justice Party, gefunden auf Jura Libertaire
Posted by entdinglichung - 21. Oktober 2012
Quelle des nachfolgend dokumentierten Aufrufes: Webseite des Auslandskomitees der Kommunistischen Partei Iran:
October 20.-27.2012, International Campaign Week to Free Detained Labor Activists in Iran
A call by the Council of Representatives of the Left and Communist Forces
Despite wide internal and international efforts and demands to free all the detained labor activists in Iran, the capitalistic Islamic regime in Iran still holds a big number of well-known Iranian labor activists in prisons like medieval times. These honest and brave people are arrested, jailed and physically and mentally tortured just for defending and demanding their own just rights. Right now Reza Shahabi, the Treasurer of the Union of Workers of the Tehran and Suburbs Bus Company (Sherkat-e Vahed), has been held in prison while suffering from a deteriorating physical condition due to injuries suffered during his interrogation and without receiving any medical treatment. Shahrokh Zamani, a member of the Council Representatives of Labour Organizations and a member of the Painters Union, Mohammad Jarahi and Behnam Ebrahimzadeh, members of the „Coordinating Committee to Help Form Workers‘ Organizations, Mehdi Farahi Shandiz and many other labor activists are still held in the Islamic Republic’s prisons. Pedram Nasrollahi, a labor activist and a member of the Coordinating Committee who had been earlier released after paying heavy bails has been again sentenced to three years’ imprisonment. Rayhaneh Ansari, Alireza Asgari and Jalil Mohammadi, labor activists and members of the Coordinating Committee to Help Form Workers‘ Organizations have been sentenced to one year’s conditional suspended imprisonment (having to introduce themselves to the security forces once every third month).
Adela Cheraghi, Alireza Asgari’s wife was arrested at her workplace right after her husband’s release and is still detained. Sharif Saed Panah and Mozafar Salehnia, memebers of the managing board of Free Workers Union of Iran who had been earlier released on bail, have been ordered to appear in court again. These arbitrary arrests and detentions are not limited to labor activists only. Other social activists are also constantly harrassed and prosecuted. Fariborz Raisdana, economic analyst, former university professor, a member of the Iranian Writers’ Association, and known for his support for the Iranian workers is still in prison facing a deterioration of his health condition. During the last few weeks, the Islamic republic has called or detained tens of childrens‘ rights activits, women rights activists and student activists.
Iranian workers have been fighting over their delayed salaries, for pay rise and against their difficult working and living conditions in different ways. Lately they put a huge pressure on the Islamic Republic by writing a scroll that was signed by 20 thousand workers, an action that startled all those close to the system including Workers‘ House and Labor Commission in the parliament, both close to the state. In the scroll, the workers had threatened if the government and the employers did not meet their demands this time, they would expand their protests.
On one hand, this situation besides the economic crisis, looting by the government and the upper class of what belongs to the people as well as the international economic embargoes have worsened the living conditions for the workers and the majority of the Iranian people. Moreover, the deepening economic crisis, bankruptcy of many businesses and factory closures have caused a high wave of layoffs and unemployment among the workers. On the other hand, the wide political and social violations and limitations on people’s rights have made life impossible for the society. Thus the only way left for the Iranian workers, women and youth is to fight this regime and topple down the capitalistic Islamic Republic in Iran in order to have a free and decent life. In this situation, we all the labor activists, communists, leftists and socialists, whether as individuals or as parties and organizations need to take up a united front and stop the Iranian regime’s apparatus of oppression.
The Council of Representatives of the Left and Communist Forces, made up of different Iranian leftist and communist parties and organizations, has set October 20 to 27 the solidarity week to demand freedom for all the detained Iranian labor activists. During this week, we try to bring wide international support for the Iranian labor activists and their struggles and reveal the anti-human and anti-woker nature of the Islamic Republic. The campaign starts with a wide range of possible political and support actions on Saturday October 20 and ends with simultaneous protests and demonstrarions around the world on Saturday October 27. Thus we call all labor activists, communist, leftist and revolutionary parties and organizations to join the campaing and take an active part in its events so that we can bring about international support for the Iranian workers in their demands, to show our solidarity with them, and demand the immediate release of all labor activists and political prisoners in Iran.
Freedom For All Labor Activists And Political Prisoners in Iran!
Long Live Workers’ International Solidarity!